President Joe Biden has issued 25 executive orders his first 12 days in office outpacing the total number that Trump and Obama did in the same period. Biden’s early executive actions cover immigration, racial justice, transgender rights, coronavirus, climate change, and health.
The Today, Explained podcast, hosted by Sean Rameswaram, looks at Biden’s latest 13 actions starting with ObamaCare. The podcast features Vox reporters Dylan Scott, Lili Pike, Emily Stewart, Li Zhou, Katelyn Burns, Anna North, and German Lopez.
13 Executive Actions…
“So, this week, President Biden signed an executive order that is meant to shore up the Affordable Care Act, which had come under attack during the Trump administration,” said Dylan Scott. “That executive order does two important things. One is it creates a special enrollment period on HealthCare.Gov, which is the federal health insurance marketplace that most of the country uses, that will last from February 15th to May 15th.”
A Travel Ban
“People coming from the United Kingdom, from Ireland, from Brazil and from South Africa, if you have been in one of those countries within the last 14 days before you’re trying to enter the United States, you’re not allowed to come anymore,” said Scott. “The reason for this is some of these new coronavirus variants that we have started to see pop up, one of them emerged in the United Kingdom, one of them has come out of South Africa and they’ve started to be detected elsewhere across the world, including in the United States.
“One of the key actions here is that he is pausing all new leases for oil and gas drilling on federal lands,” said Lili Pike. “Another key initiative here is that he intends to conserve 30 percent of land by 2030. That is up from just 12 percent today. Another key theme of this executive order is how he will use climate policy to address injustice.
“Biden is basically sending the message that science will once again be central to the government’s decision making,” said Pike. “You can see this as a direct rebuttal to the Trump era. Trump often attacked the use of science in decision making. I think one example of this is that Trump’s EPA limited the use of scientific studies in decision making.”
The Small Council
“Biden reestablishes PCAST, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Trump set up PCAST, but it took him three years to do so,” said Pike. “So, in this order, Biden dismantles Trump’s PCAST and sets up his own group of advisors on science and technology.”
“Biden recently signed an executive order on protecting federal workers that does a few things,” said Emily Stewart. “One big thing is that it starts a process of requiring federal contractors to pay their workers at least 15 dollars as a minimum wage. It also revokes some of Trump’s executive orders that made it easier to fire federal employees and limit union activity.”
Made in America
“The president also recently signed an executive order to buy American, which basically is aimed at boosting American manufacturing through federal procurement processes,” Stewart said. “It deals with requirements for purchasing products and services that are from U.S. workers, and it closes some loopholes that companies use to offshore production and jobs.”
“On the efforts that he has already introduced to promote racial equity, Joe Biden actually has a new package of four measures aimed at achieving that same goal,” said Li Zhou. “The first of these measures is acknowledging discriminatory housing practices that have hurt people of color for years, including redlining and mortgage discrimination.”
“The second of these measures is one that would end the federal government’s use of private prisons, and the reason behind this is that there has been research that shows that private prisons are more harmful to both inmates and correctional officers, Many experts in the space have said that this is a good start, but that it feels more symbolic at this time and that they’d like to see him take more efforts that address public prisons as well,” Zhou said.
“The third of these relates to tribal sovereignty and acknowledging Native American tribes’ ability to have self-governance, which is something that’s been long established, but that was really brushed aside during the Trump administration in terms of protections for native lands and respect for these relationships,” Zhou said.
“This measure is intended to condemn the racism that Asian-Americans have faced during the pandemic and to really mark a stark shift away from the way that the Trump administration talked about the pandemic and its use of racist terms like ‘China virus’ and ‘kung flu.’ What Biden is asking is for federal agencies to not provide documentation that promotes racism,” Zhou said.
Who Can Serve?
“What this executive order essentially does is reverse the Trump policy, which ostensibly bans trans people from serving in the military,” said Katelyn Burns. “The Trump administration tried to make the argument that it was not a ban on trans people serving because they built a carve-out in within the rule for trans people to serve within their, quote, biological sex role.”
Basically, this memorandum does two main things,” said Anna North. “The first thing it does is it revokes the Mexico City policy, which reproductive health groups also call ‘the global gag rule.’ This is a rule that bars groups abroad that get U.S. family planning funds from providing, referring for or even talking about abortion. It’s kind of a political light switch, it started with President Reagan and then every Democratic president turns it off, every Republican president turns it back on.”
Today, Explained, is a daily podcast by VOX that guides you through the most important news stories of the day. Learn more about the podcast by clicking this link.
PODCAST REVIEW: Millennial Money with Shannah Compton Game
Game spotlights rental evictions and how those evictions are impacting the economy. To discuss this issue Game talks to Shabana Baksh, Real Estate Attorney at K&L Gates LLP, and Tendayi Kapfidze, Chief Economist at LendingTree.
No one could have predicted what the COVID-19 pandemic was going to do to the economy. Some of the unintended consequences from the spread of last year’s virus include millions of people getting behind in either rent or mortgage payments. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about 10 million people were behind in their rent payments at the beginning of the month.
Recently, President Joe Biden extended the federal eviction moratorium through the end of the month. The Millennial Money podcast withShannah Compton Game spotlights rental evictions and how those evictions are impacting the economy. To discuss this issue Game talks to Shabana Baksh, Real Estate Attorney at K&L Gates LLP, and Tendayi Kapfidze, Chief Economist at LendingTree.
“This temporary moratorium extends some of these vital protections to millions of renters that are at risk of eviction,” said Baksh. “They are also state and local moratoriums that remain in effect who may not qualify for assistance under the federal guidelines.”
Landlords across the country have been put in a tough situation with continuing moratoriums at the federal, state, and local levels. The typical delinquent renter owes nearly $6,000, according to a report published from Moody’s Analytics. The $900 billion relief package passed in December provided $25 billion for both landlords and renters.
“What we have seen happening since the economic crisis related to the coronavirus is that a lot of people who have been affected in terms of the industries that have been adversely affected such as travel, tourism, restaurants, and places where people have to engage directly, a lot of those people happen to be renters,” Kapfidze said, “So obviously if you are not getting paid and not getting income it is a challenge to pay for your rent.”
To qualify for the funds, which are being disbursed by states and can be used for past and present rent, a renter must show that they suffered financial hardship due to the pandemic, have incomes below 80 percent of their median income and are at risk of becoming homeless.
“Right now, renters and owners find themselves in a significant cash crunch,” said Baksh. “We are entering into the second year of this pandemic and many renters are just accruing late fees and debt and so we are seeing a large buildup of these late payments. With that said, there are policies in place to protect renters and homeowners from being evicted and provide them with rental relief.”
Landlords still must pay mortgages on these properties that are not collecting rent. Lenders started the foreclosure process on 5,999 U.S. properties in February 2021, up 15 percent from last month but down 78 percent from a year ago. The highest foreclosure rates in Utah, Delaware, and Florida.
Lenders repossessed 1,545 U.S. properties through completed foreclosures in February 2021, up 8 percent from last month but still down 85 from last year.
“Renters should alert their landlords of their inability to pay their rent,” said Baksh. “Have an honest and open conversation with them about your situation. Try to seek a solution, landlords may be willing to negotiate during this tough time and agree to payment arrangements.”
The one thing that renters should know about eviction moratoriums is that they do not dissolve you of the responsibility of paying your landlord.
“The devil is in the details,” said Kapfidze. “Eviction moratorium, it means that if you are the renters you are accumulating debt, you are still under contract if you are renting, and you still have an obligation to pay your bill. “In terms of the rental relief funds there are different structures of plans, but the money is not always easy to access.”
To learn more about the Millennial Money podcast with Shannah Compton Game click here.
PODCAST REVIEW: Consider This from NPR
Consider This podcast from NPR hosted by Mary Louis Kelly, hosted a conversation with several people from the Asian American community and organizations about steps that are being taken to protect people from becoming victims of senseless violence.
There is a movement to raise awareness about the threat of violence against Asian Americans living in the United States. Last week, a 21-year-old white man murdered six women of Asian descent and two other people at Atlanta area massage businesses. Robert Aaron Long told police that his killing spree was not motivate by race by rather by his sex addiction.
The incident has motivated discussions and rallies over the past several days. Consider This podcast from NPR hosted by Mary Louise Kelly, hosted a conversation with several people from the Asian American community and organizations about steps that are being taken to protect people from becoming victims of senseless violence.
The podcast documents several incidents that did not make national news headlines. In San Francisco, 84-year-old Vicha Ratanapakdee was out for a morning walk when out of nowhere, a man shoved him violently to the ground. He died two days later. It was not the only attack like that in the region.
A local resident who is sick and tired of seeing violence carried out against his community is getting involved. JoJo Au launched a fundraiser to hire armed private security guards to patrol her own neighborhood, Oakland’s Chinatown. She has raised almost a hundred thousand dollars.
“Honestly, I didn’t know that it was going to spread like wildfire,” said JoJo Au. “And so many people were so concerned about it and wanted to do something, but they didn’t know what. You know, the merchants, they even say they feel safer. Some of the shoppers here, they feel safer. So, you know, I’m glad that I did this.”
Kelly said the pattern is clear – Asian American communities are being terrorized by harassment and violence. “Consider this – all those crimes you just heard about happened this year before a man in Georgia shot and killed eight people, most of whom were women of Asian descent.”
A group called Stop AAPI Hate tracks violence against Asian American and Pacific Islander communities. Since the start of the pandemic, they have received reports of nearly 4,000 hate incidents across the United States.
Connie Chung Joe is CEO of a legal aid group, Asian Americans Advancing Justice – Los Angeles.
“Almost half of them are coming from California,” Chung said. “Another thing is that women are targeted more than twice as often as men. And then we are seeing a spate of hate and violence targeted at our seniors.
Chung said the Asian American that she knows are advising their parents and grandparents to stay in the house. “Even for things like daily walks or trips to the grocery store. So, folks are really worried about this. And there’s also a lot of outrage about why this is still allowed to happen in our society?”
Ben Nguyen is a Georgia state representative. Her district covers part of Atlanta and DeKalb County. She believes that Robert Long killed the women because of hate and nothing else.
“We know that these are three businesses that are Asian-owned,” Nguyen said. “We know that most people who work there are Asian. And I think for anyone who lives in Atlanta and you hear the word massage parlor, that there is an understanding that perhaps there are other sex worker-related things that take place in these massage parlors. And it’s largely accepted.”
Federally, there is an effort to address violence against Asian American communities. One of the leaders of that effort is Congresswoman Grace Meng, Democrat from New York. She’s introduced legislation on the issue. Her district covers parts of New York City and Queens. We spoke this week before the shootings in Georgia.
“People are scared. People are literally telling their elderly parents and grandparents, “do not go out,” said Meng. “You know, we’ll buy groceries for you. I had a mom – that night when I heard about that incident, she had seen it on the news, and she texted me. She said, that’s it; I’m not letting my kids play outside anymore.”
The U.S. Department of Justice could choose to bring federal hate crime charges against Long if they uncover any evidence to prove Long targeted the victims specifically because of their race.
PODCAST REVIEW: Into America: Jury System on Trial
There are some parallels between the 2014 case that she sat through and last summer’s murder allegedly committed by Derek Chauvin.
A former Chicago juror who sat on a panel that ultimately convicted a former police officer of killing a young Black man believes that there is widespread bias during the jury process.
Charlene Cook of Chicago, Illinois, was chosen as a juror for the trial of Jason Van Dyke. She spoke to Trymaine Lee host of the Into America podcast about her experience on a predominately white jury and what she expects from the upcoming trial of a former Minnesota police officer accused of killing George Floyd.
Cook believes there are some parallels between the 2014 case that she sat through and last summer’s murder allegedly committed by Derek Chauvin. Prosecutors in Illinois revealed that Van Dyke got out of his police SUV and fired 16 shots over the course of 15 seconds at 17-year-old Laquan McDonald who autochories say was swinging a knife at officers, a claim that video would later contradict.
Cook said the process to be selected on the Van Dyke jury was tedious. She said lawyers for both sides had clear agendas.
“I was disappointed because I didn’t want to be on the jury,” she said. “For one, I didn’t want no one’s life in my hands, regardless of what I thought of him. I didn’t really want to be involved with it.”
She described being nervous as the trial started, not knowing what to expect and feeling that all eyes were on her. “The audience was full,” Cook recalled. “Even though the people in TV land could not see who I was, the people in the audience knew who we all were. So, I am watching and I’m sitting down trying to observe everything, trying to take notes on everything.”
Cook said that she felt added pressure because of the color of her skin. She said she had to dispel thoughts that she was going to be a problem juror. “I just had to tell them, I’m old. I think I was the second oldest person there. I told the other jurors not to look at my race, we all had a job to do, and we are all going home.”
Jason Van Dyke was ultimately convicted of second-degree murder and 16 counts of aggravated assault in McDonald’s killing. He was sentenced to nearly seven years in state prison. Cook said she will never forget the reactions from certain people following that verdict.
“This lady walked up behind me and tried to hug me,” Cook said. “I did not know what she was trying to do so I almost pushed her back. She was a Caucasian lady who just wanted to thank me.”
Cook said she learned a lot about the justice system during her time as a juror in Illinois. “They expect us to be a certain way,” she said. “They expect us to think a certain way just because this is what they have in mind. I am glad I was on there; we needed a Black person on that jury. We needed a Black person on that jury. We still have a long way to go. I still did not feel like that trial was fair. If you have 12 jurors, why would one be black?”
Also, on the podcast, Will Snowden, founder of the Juror Project, an advocacy group to teach people why jury services matter and why it is especially important for black people to be on juries.
“Most jurisdictions will use voter registration and DMV records to generate the summons list and that’s the list that identifies people who should be mailed summonses to show up for jury duty,” Snowden said. “The reason why that’s problematic, and the reason why it doesn’t work, is when you use just, say, voter registration and DMV records, you’re effectively excluding everybody who doesn’t own a car and everybody who isn’t registered to vote, but otherwise would be eligible to sit on a jury.”
As for jury selection in the Derek Chauvin trial will likely last about three weeks, and it’s estimated the trial could run through mid-April.
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